Music and Conflict Resolution in History

Beethoven at the Congress of Vienna, 1814

For seven months, beginning on November 1, 1814, the Congress of Vienna brought together heads of European states, with the objective of settling the many issues that arose after the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. The result was the redrawing of ...
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The Christmas Truce of 1914

The now-famous Christmas truce of 1914 took place at Flanders field on Christmas Eve. British, German, and French troops were in their respective trenches when some German soldiers began to sing “Stille Nacht.” Before long, all the soldiers came out into no man’s land to sing carols together and even ...
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